The USA might have been established on the concept that all guys are produced equivalent, however throughout the late 18th as well as very early 19th centuries, slaveholding prevailed amongst the statesmen that acted as head of state. All informed, at the very least 12 presidents & #x 2014; over a quarter of all American head of states & #x 2014; enslaved individuals throughout their life times. Of these, 8 held enslaved individuals while in workplace.

You are watching: How many presidents were slave owners


Washington standing amongst African American area employees gathering grain. (Credit Scores: Buyenlarge/Getty Images)

See more: How Is The Nfl Schedule Made, The Nfl Schedule: How Is It Made

The & #x 201C; strange establishment & #x 201D; impended huge over the very first couple of years of American governmental Not just did enslaved workers aid construct the White Residence every one of the earliest head of states (besides John Adams and also his boy John Quincy Adams) possessed enslaved individuals. George Washington maintained some 300 bail bondsmans at his Mount Vernon vineyard. Thomas Jefferson & #x 2014; in spite of as soon as calling enslavement an & #x 201C; assemblage of scaries & #x 201D; & #x 2014; possessed a minimum of 175 enslaved employees at once. James Madison, James Monroe and also Andrew Jackson each maintained numerous lots shackled employees, and also Martin Van Buren had one throughout his very early career.William Henry Harrison had numerous acquired enslaved individuals prior to ending up being head of state in 1841, while John Tyler as well as James K. Polk were both enslavers throughout their jobs in workplace. Zachary Taylor, that offered from 1849-1850, was the last president to maintain enslaved individuals while residing in the White Residence. He possessed some 150 enslaved employees on vineyards in Kentucky, Mississippi and also Louisiana. Picture of Isaac Jefferson, an enslaved guy possessed by Thomas Jefferson circa 1847.(Credit History: Fotosearch/Getty Images). Possibly remarkably, the last 2 head of states to have enslaved employees were both males very closely connected with Abraham Lincoln,

that led the country throughout a civil battle created in big component by the departments planted by enslavement, and also later on authorized the Emancipation Announcement and also promoted flow of the 13th Modification finishing enslavement. Andrew Johnson, that functioned as Lincoln & #x 2019; s vice head of state prior to coming to be head of state in 1865, had actually had at the very least six confined individuals in his indigenous Tennessee and also lobbied for Lincoln to leave out the state from the Emancipation Proclamation.The last head of state to directly have enslaved individuals was Ulysses S. Give, that offered 2 terms in between 1869 as well as 1877. The previous powerful general of the Union Military had actually maintained an only Black enslaved

guy called William Jones in the years prior to the Civil Battle, however provided him his flexibility in 1859. Give would certainly later on summarize his advancing sights on enslavement in 1878, when he was priced estimate as claiming that it was & #x 201C; a discolor to the Union & #x 201D; that individuals had actually as soon as been & #x 201C; dealt like livestock. & #x 201D;